Application of Artificial Insemination (AI) as a Breeding Method for Dairy Goat Herd Build-Up in Region III, Philippines


  • Alvin Puntil Soriano Central Luzon State University
  • Elfren F. Celestino Jr. College of Veterinary Science and Medicine, Central Luzon State University
  • Ely Mar V. Urpiano Small Ruminant Center, Central Luzon State University



Artificial insemination, breeding method, dairy goat, herd build-up


One of the constraints in the development of dairy industry in the country is the limited number of dairy animals of which only 14% are goats providing only 1% of the total volume of local milk production. Meanwhile, increasing dairy goat population is hindered by the lack or the high price of dairy breeder animals that can be used in improving our local stocks. To spur the population of goats with genetic potential for dairying among goat farms in Region 3, Philippines, artificial insemination (AI) was applied in this project. Within the implementation period, a total of 50 participants were trained on AI in goats. They served as AI service providers in their respective and nearby municipalities. Meanwhile, a total of 4 seminars on goat raising was conducted at the different municipalities to promote the use of AI in goat breeding and upgrading which were participated by a total of 166 goat raisers. A total of 346 inseminations were reported by the trained technicians. Based on the total number of inseminations monitored, the observed conception rate was 60.29% ranging from 37.50% in Bulacan to 100% in Zambales. Of the total number of kiddings recorded, the percent of singletons, twins, and triplets observed were 46.38%, 44.93%, and 8.69%, respectively, giving an average kidding size of 1.17. A total of 106 kids were born with 61.32% (65 kids) males and 38.68% (41 kids) females with an overall male to female ratio of 1.59:1. Majority (73.58%) of the total kids born were of upgraded Anglo-Nubian bloodline. Meanwhile, of the five commercial farms visited, the Soliman Goat Farm in Tarlac was selected as the location for the establishment of the farm-based goat semen processing laboratory. Moreover, the owner and the farm staff involved in operating the laboratory had already undergone training on semen collection, processing, and evaluation.

Author Biography

Alvin Puntil Soriano, Central Luzon State University

Small Ruminant Center


Andrabi, S.M.H., C. Lal, M.S. Haider, M.F.U. Khan and A. Ghaffar. 2018. Artificial Insemination in Beetal and Jattal Goats: Preliminary Results. Animal Reproduction & Genetics Program, Animal Sciences Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan

Eguchi F, Kalaw SP, Dulay RMR, Miyazawa N, Yoshimoto H and Reyes RG. 2015. Nutrient composition Bondoc, Orville L. 2013. DNA Barcoding Livestock and Poultry Breeds and Strains. Going beyond taxonomic classification. Department of Agriculture Philippine Agriculture and Fisheries Biotechnology Program. ISBN: 978-971-8778-89-0, p. 59

Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS). 2012. Inventory Production Report for Goats 2012. www.bas/

Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS). 2013. Industry performance report January –December 2012. ?ids=goatsituation

Celestino, EF, AP Soriano and EMV Urpiano. 2016. Village-based roll-out of Artificial Insemination Delivery System (AI DS) in Region 3. Unpublished terminal report. A PCAARRD-funded project.

Hedrich, Clara. 2008. Best Management Practices for Dairy Goat Farmers. P. 45

Jansen, Carl and Kees van den Burg. 2004. Goat Keeping in the Tropics. 4th Edition. Agromisa Foundation, Wageningen, p. 6

Latonio, Anna Maria Lourdes S., Maria Excelsis M. Orden, Mari Joy M. Buenavista, Jamal James D. Manlapig, Jairus Jesse M. Tubal, Edilyn V. Lansangan, Alma M. De Leon, William James S. Viernes, and Emil Joshua A. Dela Cruz. 2019. Effect of Soybean-based Semen Extender on Goat Artificial Insemination (AI) Conception and Factors Determining Conception Rate – A paper presented in 14th National Convention on Statistics, Crown Plaza Manila Galleria.

Nayga, J.N. 2011. Enhancement of artificial insemination and meat processing technologies towards production of quality slaughter goats in Cagayan Valley. (Terminal Report; PCARRD and ISU funded)

National Dairy Authority. 2013. Dairy industry data. 2013/data/data2013.html

Pomares, Cayetano C. 2001. A Training Manual for Artificial Insemination in Small Ruminants. 1st Ed., Small Ruminant Artificial Insemination Program (SRAIP), University of Southern Mindanao Agricultural Research Center, University of Southern Mindanao (USM), Kabacan, Cotabato

Sumeldan, J.D., Ocampo, L.C. , Atabay, E.P. , Celestino, E.F. , Lazaro, J.V. , Ocampo, M.B. 2015. Comparison on the efficiency of estrus synchronization methods for artificial insemination in goats. Journal of Agricultural Technology 11(8): 2489-2497